Learn Mini III: Mini-Mundo

Name nu go tu

Mini-Mundo is a supplemental vocabulary of 880 words to Mini’s 120 words, for a grand total of 1,000 words.

  • Colors: bulu, ruja, midori, pila
  • Animals: gato, dogi, kavalo, muso
  • Food: keju, keki, vino, patata
  • Furniture: kabinete, sofa, kama
  • Emotions: joli, melankoli, furi, fobo
  • Technology: konputa, radio, fon
  • Clothing: roba, jaketa, sapato, topi
  • Abstractions: idea, neso, loji, siensa
  • Body: neka, pedi, lunge, rena
  • Time: ora, minute, soma, ano
  • Direction: direto, sinisa, nore, vese
  • People: bebe, kinde, raja, polisa
  • Places: kasa, siti, patio, kanpo

Bon-veni

The biggest problem with Mini is that there is no way to tell the difference between compound words and ordinary words being modified by adjectives. This seriously impedes the ability to form and discuss more difficult subjects.

Mini-Mundo               Englishpasa-pota                passport
anti-kapitala-isimo anticapitalism
bon-veni welcome
regen-uti umbrella (rain-tool)
en-mun, eki-mun entrance (in-door), exit (out-door)
gene-loji geneology (gene-ology)
inventi-man inventor (invent-person)
kinde-gaden kindergarten (child-garden)
kula-fusi cold fusion
inveti-banka-man investment banker (invest-bank-person)
en-move-tion immigration (in-move-tion)
sivi-tion civilization (civil-tion)
semi-eleki-pota semiconductor (semi-electric-carry)
inta-neto internet
asen-menta absent-minded
mala-tira misfire (bad-shoot)
ale-en-i-savi omniscient (all-knowing)
bon-neso goodness (good-ness)
Mini    Englishale-    anti-   anti- / contra-
ego- self- / auto-
eki- ex-
en- in- / en-
gen- re- / again-
inta- inter-
-isimo -ism
-kan -able
-loji -ology
make- -ify / -ize
-man -er
mui- multi- / poly-
no- un- / a-
-neso -ness / -ity
semi- semi- / half-
-tion -tion / -sion / -tive
-uti -tool
veni- become-
via- trans-
Bisinesa-man i en-pota a kilo-gama 200 de vino-beri.
The businessman imports (in-carries) 200 kilograms of grapes (wine-berries).
Gen-viva de bete no-mori i de kon-pasa kon ruina de tunba si.
The revival (again-life) of the undead beast coincided (with-happened) with the destruction of his tomb.
Siensa-man i pensa ke viru raja-topi i mebi ave veni de kave vola-muso.
The scientist thinks the corona (royal-hat) virus might have come from a bat (flight-mouse) cave.

Numbers game

Mini-Mundo adds a full base-10 number system to Mini.

nulo  0
uno 1
duo 2
san 3
fo 4
penta 5
sita 6
seven 7
ba 8
nin 9
ten 10
sento 100
kilo 1,000
mega 1,000,000
giga 1,000,000,000
tera 1,000,000,000,000
37 san ten seven
136,789,005 sento san ten sita mega seven sento ba ten nin kilo penta / uno san sita seven ba nin nulo nulo penta
4.01 fo punto nulo uno / fo an uno de peso sento
2/3 duo de peso teri
-42 meno fo ten duo
6th numa sita
5+2 penta an duo
6-3 san de sita / sita meno san
4/5 fo de-i peso de 5
3*9 san kon nin
4^5 fo go penta
11:30 am ten uno san ten ante-senta
4:55 pm fo penta ten penta afa-senta
7 o'clock seven-ora
Monday uno-dia
Wednesday san-dia
Dec 5th penta de ten-duo-monato

Less than zero

Less-than comparisons can now be formed with meno:

Mini-Mundo e duro meno go-i pale sama Mini.
Mini-Mundo is less hard to speak than Mini.
Si deteki a poma meno.
She finds fewer apples.
Da a gato bela meno da ke mi ave mira ni.
That's the least beautiful cat I've ever seen.

If only because

Mini adds a few additional subordinating conjunctions for convenience:

Vaku-man i kan mira a najima ka ventana si i en punto eki de Tera.
The spaceman can see the star because his window is pointing away from Earth.
Ka mi odi a tu, mi senti sama en-i open a aero-loka.
Because I hate you, I feel like opening the airlock.
Se tu open a mun, mi ale i go e de-i suko en vaku.
If you open the door, we will be sucked into space.
Tamen si go mori, si deside open a loka.
Although s/he will die, s/he decides to open the lock.
Ka de tu, mi ave no a manja sufi.
Because of you, I don't have enough food.
Mi vole bibe a kosa, se de bira, vino, u kafe.
I want to drink something, whether beer, wine, or coffee.
Tamen de manja mala, si kipa go tamen a retorante.
Despite the bad food, he nevertheless keeps going to the restaurant.

Back and forth

Many common adverbs in Mini are replaced with more specific words in Mini-Mundo:

English     Mini      Mini-Mundoback        afa       baka
forward ante fore
only pero solo
out/away de eki
still/yet kipa ankora
already ante deja
almost ——— kasi
Mini              Mini-Mundo  Englishgo tenpo ota      gen         again
go tenpo ale tuju always
en tenpo no ni never
en tenpo mini sun soon
en tenpo di nun now
en tenpo da den then

Some such

Mini-Mundo adds several new determiners / adverbs:

Mini-Mundo  Englishani         any / whichever
kada each
so such / so
some some / few / somewhat

Big ego

The Mini-Mundo word ego (self) replaces sama as the reflexive pronoun:

E raro ke si pale kon ego si.
It's weird that he talks with himself (his self).
Mi ale i joli a ego mi (ale).
We enjoy ourselves (my (our) self).

Drop it like it’s hot

In order to make the language feel more natural, Mini-Mundo (unlike Mini) allows the dropping of the word i in cases where the subject is clear from context: If the subject is a proper noun, a single word pronoun, or a common compound pronoun (like mi ale), then i may be omitted.

Mi i go.
=> Mi go.
I go.
Mi ale i vole manja.
=> Mi ale vole manja.
We want to eat.
Mario i de pasa a pan-botega.
=> Mario de pasa a pan-botega.
Mario passed the bakery (bread-store).
Mi i an a si a seri mi.
I add it to my list.
Luse i lava en via mi.
Light washes over me.
Si mira a mi en-i kuri.
He sees me running.
Mi en uti a gitara o bela ma da.
=> Mi en uti a gitara bela ma da.
I'm using the most beautiful guitar.
En lado o kasa mi, mi de mira a naga.
=> En lado kasa mi, mi de mira a naga.
Next to my house, I saw a snake.

Da a ale!

Se tu ave leje en tila di, tu savi a mui mega de Mini an Mini-Mundo. Labora bon! Mi arapan ke ale i ave e duro su no go tu. (Linga di e de-i supose e fasile ma da, tu savi.) Ani-moda, danke a tu, go en-i leje a di ale an en-i etudi a linga di. Tu e redi nun go-i go eki an pale kon mundo ale a Mini-Mundo!

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